orthodontic treatment option
Orthodontics Samaneh Ranjbar 6 user comments 7 April 2019

Orthodontic treatment options

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that correct misalignment of teeth and jaws that are positioned improperly when the mouth is closed as well as improve the appearance of the teeth and how they work. An orthodontist is specialized in making the teeth straight. There are different orthodontic treatment options including metal, invisible, ceramic and Damon braces, retainers and clear aligners. The specialist orthodontics can diagnose which orthodontic options is right for you considering various variables such as age, differences in the size of the teeth and possible jaw imbalances.

Orthodontic treatment is a proper option to correct malocclusion problems such as open bite, overbite, cross bite, under bite, spacing, crowding, and misplaced midline.

Generally, there are different types of orthodontic treatment options including a fixed brace, removable brace, and functional brace that severity of your problem can determine which type is right for you.

Fixed appliances

Fixed appliances

Usually, this type of appliance is used for teeth that need to be correct more accurately. They are as follow:

Braces

They are the most common type of fixed appliance which contains bands that fixed around the teeth, wires, and brackets that mostly are worn to the front of the tooth. Usually, braces are adjusted monthly to achieve the desired results. This process may last from a few months to a few years.

Special fixed appliance

These appliances are attached to the teeth by bands in order to control thumb sucking or tongue thrusting.

Fixed space maintainers

If a baby tooth is lost prematurely, a space maintainer can use to keep the space open until the permanent tooth comes out. This device has a band that attaches around the tooth and can hold the space open with help of a wire that extends out from the band.

Removable appliance

Removable appliance

This type of appliance is applied for teeth which need simple treatments. The removable appliance includes:

Removable Retainers

The retainer is a device that worn on the roof of the mouth in order to prevent of shifting teeth to their prior position as well as preventing of thumb sucking.

Aligners

Removable aligners are the invisible appliance that is alternative to traditional brace and move the teeth the same as the fixed appliance. They can be removed for brushing, flossing and eating.

Removable space maintainers

These devices have the same function as fixed space maintainers which have wire or plastic branches between specific teeth to keep the space between them open and fits over the jaw.

Lip and cheek bumpers

When lip and cheek muscles make exert pressure on teeth, bumpers can keep the lips or cheeks away from the teeth and relieve the pressure.

Headgear

This device slows the growth of the upper jaw and holds back teeth in their place while the front teeth are pulled back. This device has a strap around the back of the head and attaches to a metal wire in front or face bow.

Jaw repositioning appliance (splints)

This device which is worn on the top or lower jaw helps to keep close the jaw in a proper position. They also used for temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ).

Palatal expander

This device attaches over the roof of the mouth to widen the upper jaw in order to help the upper and lower teeth fit together better.

Functional appliance

Functional appliance

This type of appliance which can be either removable or fixed corrects the alignment of the jaw as well as move the teeth. There are different types of functional problems such as activators, monoblocs, and Frankels. Three commonly used functional appliances are:

Bionator

This device is a removable appliance that is designed to move the lower jaw into a more forward position. Bionator is attached to the top teeth by wire and is appropriate to fix the top teeth that are rested too far in front of the bottom teeth due to the bite problem.

Twin block appliance

This is similar to the bionator but is made in two pieces that the top half is worn to the upper teeth and the bottom half is attached to the lower teeth that make it more convenient for some patients.

Herbst appliance

This is a fixed appliance that attaches to the back of the upper teeth with a small tube extends down to a determined point on the bottom teeth. Since it is a fixed device may cause some difficulty at first but you can speak and eat with them normally.