If you have crocked and misaligned teeth or bite problem including underbite or overbite, Orthodontics braces is a good option to straight and align your teeth as well as to treat the functional problems. When we talk about the brace most people picture metal brackets and wires. It is a metal brace, also called tradition brace, while there are other available types of the braces in the market. Most people think orthodontic treatment is an option just for children but it is a treatment option for all ages including teenagers and adults.
Different types of orthodontic braces
There are different types of orthodontics braces including:
Metal braces also called traditional braces, contain bendable metal braces tighten around the teeth in order to make pressure to the teeth and gently move them to the proper position. It is the less expensive and fastest option for moving teeth to an ideal position.
It is the most popular alternative to the metal brace. Ceramic braces are made of ceramic material that are very difficult to see because they are the same color and texture as teeth. Especially if they attach to each other with the wires that are the same color as the patient’s teeth, all treatment will be impossible to see.
This type of brace place inside of the bite instead of the outside so they can’t be seen from outside of the mouth. It is not a good option for patients whit severe orthodontic problems and needs extensive treatment. On the other hand, they are difficult to keep clean because you can’t see lingual braces. Lingual braces are more expensive and take longer time than traditional braces.
It is the most common invisible braces that are more expensive than traditional ones and is not a good option for severe orthodontic issues. You can completely remove your Invisalign braces and clean them in case of need. Generally, it is a great option for those who seek a more flexible treatment.
Like the ceramic and traditional braces, self-ligating braces use of the bracket and wire system. But instead of the rubber and bite system, uses brackets with clips or doors that hold on to the wire. Self-ligating braces come in two types, metal, and ceramic versions.
Orthodontics braces and oral care
Orthodontic treatment provides you many considerable benefits such as straightening your teeth, correcting the functional problem and providing a beautiful smile. On the other hand, oral care with an orthodontic brace is difficult and you need to watch your oral hygiene. Since foods can easily get stuck in your brackets, so the risk of tooth decay as well as gum disease will increase with braces.
There are some recommended tips for people with Orthodontics braces such as brushing after each meal. Generally, you should brush your teeth twice a day, but if you wear a brace you need to brush your teeth after each meal even after mid-meals. Flossing is another item that should be done at least once a day. You should be sure to floss between braces and under the wires. On the other hand, when you have a brace in your mouth you should watch what you eat. Avoid eating too many sugary or starchy foods especially sticky and chewy foods as well as hard foods. Mouthwashes are also effective for oral hygiene.
Orthodontic braces treatment duration
The time of wearing Orthodontics braces is varying for different people depending on the amount of available room, the severity of the problem, the distance that teeth need to travel, teeth and gum health, supporting bone and the extent that patient follow instructions. But usually it may take around one to three years and after braces removal, you need to wear a retainer for the first six months.
More addition the mechanical process for moving teeth with a brace is the same at any age so an adult can benefit from brace same as a child. There is no age limitation for orthodontic treatment. But sometimes adults may need more than braces alone because adult bones are no longer growing.