Malocclusion and periodontal disease

When the teeth are misaligned and the upper and lower jaw not meeting each other properly, malocclusion will occur. It is a dental condition that ranges from mild to extremely severe and makes problems for chewing and eating and also causes poor oral health. Malocclusion can also lead to periodontal disease.

What is a periodontal disease?

periodontal disease

Gum disease or periodontal disease is an infection of structure around the teeth including gums, bone, and periodontal ligament. There are two most common periodontal diseases, gingivitis, and periodontitis.


It is a non-destructive type of the periodontal disease that causes inflammation and irritation of the gingiva. If gingivitis left untreated lead to serious gum disease and tooth loss. Poor oral hygiene is the most important cause of gingivitis but by regular brushing and flossing as well as regular dental checkups you can prevent gingivitis.


It is one of the common oral diseases that include inflammation of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. Periodontal bacteria, as well as local inflammation of these bacteria, cause periodontitis. Naturally, these bacteria exist in the mouth, but when the condition is right for them in the mouth, they will increase. Usually, these bacteria will grow up when plaque buildup on the teeth which are hard to reach or between the teeth.

 How to prevent periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease is preventable if you add the following habits to your daily routine:

  • Brush your teeth atleast2-3 times a day. After each meal brushes your teeth to remove food debris and plaque that are cached between your teeth and gum.
  • Regular flossing. Try to do flossing at least once a day to remove plaque which your toothbrush can’t reach.
  • Swish with mouthwash. Using proper mouthwash help you to remove plaque.
  • Know your risk factors. Smoking, age, diet, and genetics are risk factors of periodontal disease that should be considered.
  • See a periodontist. At least once a year see a periodontist to check your mouth and possible risk factors for periodontal disease.

How malocclusion can lead to periodontal disease?


Malocclusion is not just an aesthetic problem, it can lead to serious health problems such as dental caries, tooth pain, headache, and periodontal disease.

It is difficult to remove food particles and plaque between the misaligned teeth, so it causes redness of the gums and bleeding while flossing and brushing your teeth. These plaques cause bad breath or halitosis and lead to gum inflammations. On the other hand, if the bacteria that grow on the food particles and plaque inter inside the body via the blood, it can cause bacterial infections and tooth degradation.

More addition misaligned teeth make a lot of pressure on the teeth and jaws and also are subjected to get chipped. Malocclusion causes gum inflammation and if left untreated, it can lead to receding gums, damage of soft tissue and bone loss.

What are the different categories of malocclusion?

There are three types of malocclusion including:

Type one malocclusion

Peoples with natural eclosion who their teeth are paired normally are a category in type one.

Type two malocclusion

People who are in this category have a small lower jaw. The upper jaw and teeth severely overlap the bottom jaw and teeth.

Type three malocclusion

Peoples who are in this category have a big lower jaw. The lower teeth are forward and cause lower jaw and teeth overlap than upper jaw that called crossbite.