One of the most important factors of oral health is keeping your teeth clean and healthy. Naturally, billions of bacteria living inside the mouth and they can create a plaque that causes tooth decay and even periodontal disease. So regular brushing and flossing per day can prevent from reproducing bacteria.
Oral health tips
There are some oral hygiene tips that help to keep your mouth healthy including:
Correct brushing technique
It is recommended to brush your teeth at least twice a day, in the morning and before going to bed at night. Tooth brushing should take at least 2 minutes and ensure that all area in your mouth including inside, outside, between your teeth and biting surface of each tooth, are cleaned. It is very important that toothbrush cover the gum line because in this place plaque starts to form. Then you should gently move the toothbrush in a circular motion to clean plaque from the gum and tooth surface as much as possible.
Use a fluoride toothpaste
There is an important factor rather than flavors and whitening power for choosing a proper toothpaste. Your toothpaste should contain fluoride because fluoride defense again tooth decay and remove germs that may lead to decay. Generally, fluoride act as a protective barrier for your teeth.
In order to remove plaque between your teeth, you should do regular flossing before brushing. By a slow and gentle sawing motion run a piece of floss between your teeth. Flossing helps to remove plaque from the area that is hard to reach by a toothbrush.
Follow a healthy diet
Try to limit the number of sugary foods and fizzy drinks because they will convert to acid inside your mouth and dissolve the minerals in tooth enamel which cause tooth decay and sometimes holes or cavities. These foods also can cause tooth erosion and lead to tooth cracks, discoloration, and sensitivity over time.
Mouthwash also helps to keep clean and healthy your mouth by cleaning hard to brush areas in and around gums, re-mineralizing the teeth and reduce the amount of acid in the mouth. It is very helpful for children and older people who are not able to brush and floss properly.
There are different oral diseases and in most cases, their prevalence is due to inadequate oral health. The common oral diseases are tooth decay (caries), periodontal or gum disease, oral cancer, oro-dental trauma, oral manifestations of HIV, noma, palate and cleft lip. But tooth decay or caries is the most common health problem among people all of the world. Most oral diseases are preventable and even can be treated in their early stage.
Cavities or caries, also called tooth decay, is the destruction of tooth enamel and damaged areas in the hard surface of the tooth. Tooth decay can be caused by different factors such as increasing bacteria in your mouth, sugary drinks, frequent snacking and poor oral hygiene. If cavities left untreated it can lead to severe toothache, tooth loss, and infection. Tooth cavities may don’t show any symptoms at the beginning but as it gets larger it causes some symptoms such as tooth sensitivity, tooth pain, visible holes in your teeth, and brown, black or white staining on the surface of the tooth.